South America is located mostly in the southern hemisphere and considered a subcontinent of the Americas by most Latin Americans. South America is bordering the Pacific Ocean, the Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. South America is the 4th largest continent and the 5th most populated. Brazil with its 200 million people is by far the the biggest, economically strongest and most populous country of the continent.
On the west coast of the continent, the reliable South Pacific swells bring good surf to Chile, Peru and Ecuador. Some exposed spots in Chile and Peru never ever see flat days! Peru and Chile have big wave conditions on a regular basis from April to October. Chicama in Peru is considered the planet’s longest wave. The Humboldt current brings surprisingly cold water from down south and Chile and most of Peru are wetsuit territory all year round. Northern Peru, Ecuador and Pacific Colombia rely mostly on swell from the North Pacific. The best surf here can be had in the northern hemisphere winter. The surf is not as big and consistent here as further south.
The east coast of the continent is not known for big or perfect surf. Swells generated in the South Atlantic travel eastward quickly, delivering the best waves to the west coast of Africa. But the southern part picks up some ground swell from SE and the smaller wind-swells from east are fairly regular. Argentina, Uruguay and southern Brazil get the biggest waves on the east coast but winters get freezing: Wetsuit territory. Brazil is the most surfed country, thanks to its large population, the long coast, city beaches, the warm waters and the beach loving people. The north of Brazil and Fernando de Noronha receive swells from the North Atlantic and see good conditions in the norther hemisphere winter.